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雅思大作文,你套路了么?

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雅思大作文,你套路了么?
 

如果同学们仔细研究一下考官范文,就会发现剑桥的满分范文在句型的这一个方面,不仅很好的体现了写作的第四个评分标准 (Grammatical Range and Accuracy: uses a wide range of structures with full flexibility and accuracy),也给了同学们满满的干货来增加句型的多样化和难度。

 

套路

(一)

简单句扩充

 

简单句扩充指的是将同学们平常最拿手的或者是只会写的简单句中的一些成分,尤其是主语或者宾语之后加一些修饰成分,起到丰富句子内容和增加句子逼格的作用。比如说:

Young children doing arduous and repetitive tasks on a factory production line, for example, are less likely to be “learning” than older children helping in an old people’s home.(剑3-T3)

看似这么长的句子,其实挑出最基本的成分,就是一个主谓宾的简单句:Young children are less likely to be “learning” than older children.

考官在主语young children和宾语older children后面分别加了修饰成分,一个是doing …..另外一个是helping…..

我们可以再看一个类似的用法:

Educating children to understand the need to obey rules and respect others always begins in the home…(剑8-T1)

考官也是很会玩心机,这个句子的主句就是educating children,考官在主语后面加了to do…然后整个的句子就显的非常的高端。

所以总结来说,同学们可以使用V-ing,to do短语,定语从句等加在主语和宾语中的名词后面,你的简单句就不再简单啦。

 

套路

(二)

各种并列,各种平行结构

 

所谓的并列或者平行结构,我平常在上课的时候都会简称为并列结构,说白了就是相似的短语或者从句或者结构的重复,有点类似于中文的排比。这种结构大量的出现在考官范文中,我们先来看一个例子:

People should be encouraged not only to be more physically active but also to adopt a healthier lifestyle in general.(剑9-T3)

 

This experience should teach them how to co-operate with each other and how to contribute to the life of their community.(剑8-T1)

 

They will certainly be the first to help children learn what is important in life, how they are expected to behave and what role they will play in their world.(剑8-T1)

同学们应该不难看出这些句子的特点,他们都有并列结构,常见的并列结构有and, but, not only…but also…等,更高端一点的是并列从句。

比如:手机可以让我们的生活更方便。

Mobile phones will make our life more convenient.

Mobile phones will make our life more convenient in helping us browse more information and contacting our friend at any time.

在句子的后面加上in doing and doing表示在哪些方面手机让我们的生活方便了,不仅丰富了句子的意思,也增加了句子的难度。

 

套路

(三)

巧用分词

 

这个是几乎每一篇考官范文都会用到的套路,简单来说就是:完整句子,V-ing…(V-ing和前面句子的主语相同)我们可以看一个例子:

If primary language teaching is not standardised, secondary schools could be faced with a great variety of levels in different languages within their intake, resulting in a classroom experience which undoes the earlier gains.(C9-T1)

很多同学们在写句子的时候都会用到主语相同的句子写成并列句或者直接写成两个单句,这种情况下他们都可以合并成分词的句式。

比如说:Ads have much information about cigarettes and alcohol and they will have a negative influence on children.

这个并列句的主语都是ads,所以可以直接写成:Ads have much information about cigarettes and alcohol, having a negative influence on children.

这样一来,句子一下就变的很文艺。这种方法一篇文章中只用上1-2次便可以起到立竿见影的效果。


 

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